kandahar base
Ernst Herzfeld claimed Kandahar perpetuated the name of the Indo-Parthian king Gondophares, who re-founded the city under the name Gundopharron. His empire included present-day Afghanistan, Pakistan, the Khorasan and Kohistan provinces of Iran, along with Punjab in India. [5], The now "Old Kandahar" was founded in 330 BC by Alexander the Great, near the site of the ancient city of Mundigak (established around 3000 BC). Kandahar has a semi-arid climate (Köppen BWh),[50] characterised by little precipitation and high variation between summer and winter temperatures. The city also became a battle ground for the US and Pakistani-backed against the pro-Communist government of Afghanistan. 70%, Tajiks 20%, Baloch 2%, and Uzbeks 2%.[69]. Pashtu is spoken by more than 98% of population and in more than 98% of villages. Due to the ongoing war the route to Kabul has become increasingly dangerous as insurgent attacks on convoys and destruction of bridges make it an unreliable link between the two cities. [64] Many of the high-ranking government employees and civil servants as well as wealthy businessmen live in this area, which is a more secured community in Kandahar. It serves as the nation's second main international airport and as one of the largest main operating bases, capable of housing up to 250 aircraft of different sizes. In this Edict, Ashoka the great uses the word Eusebeia ("Piety") as the Greek translation for the ubiquitous "Dharma" of his other Edicts written in Prakrit. At the same time, Canada also fielded a battle group for two successive six-month rotations, and deployed a new rotation for the Provincial Reconstruction Team (PRT) at Camp Nathan Smith in Kandahar. No group claimed responsibility for the killing of the policewomen. This probably has to do with the location being fertile and historically known for producing fine grapes, pomegranates, apricots, melons and other sweet fruits. In 1709, Mirwais Hotak made the region an independent kingdom and turned Kandahar into the capital of the Hotak dynasty. His rule ended in June 1747 after being murdered by his Persian guards. Offensive", "Q+A – NATO sees Kandahar battle as Afghan turning point", "Kandahar mayor killed in suicide attack; Taliban claim responsibility", "U.S. blames Pakistan agency in Kabul attack", "ISI still engaged with the Taliban: US expert", Pakistan a twin brother, talks to go on: Karzai, Challenges remain despite reduced rebel attacks: ISAF, "21 killed, 50 injured in twin suicide blasts (Video)", "Taliban Claim Attack on Afghan Army Base", National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, "Pak Railways poised to get massive funding from CPEC and CAREC", "Pakistan, Afghanistan ink MoU on rail links", http://www.pajhwok.com/en/2012/07/20/kandahar-quetta-bus-service-soon, "Hundreds dead in fighting along Afghanistan-Pakistan border", The Sewing Circles of Herat: A Personal Voyage Through Afghanistan, "Punja Sahib: The Miracle at Hassan Abdal", "Spending Time With the Karzais in (Parts of) Kandahar", Kandahar mayor killed by suicide bomber with explosives in turban, "Construction of Hameedi township starts in Kandahar", "Settled Population of Kandahar province by Civil Division, Urban, Rural and Sex-2012-13", "2003 National Geographic Population Map", "فارسی زبان‌های قندهار؛ پیشتاز زرگری و رای‌گیری", "شورای همبستگی تاجیکان قندهار آغاز به فعالیت کرد", In the Footsteps of Alexander the Great: A Journey from Greece to Asia, Afghanistan Information Management Services, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Kandahar&oldid=981965510, Populated places established in the 4th century BC, Articles with Russian-language sources (ru), Articles with dead external links from August 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with dead external links from December 2017, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2019, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2012, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2014, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Hamidi Meyna (under development since 2011), This page was last edited on 5 October 2020, at 12:33. Second millennium B.C. Kandahar-Quetta bus service soon By Bashir Ahmad Naadim 20 Jul 2012 – 17:17, University Museum, University of Pennsylvania, growing influence of its rival India in Afghanistan, Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation and Development, United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan, "Kandahar II. Fast jets and combat helicopters are also deployed as this is the main airport in the south of the country. The memory of the wars fought over Kandahar at this time is preserved in the epic poem Qandahār-nāma ("The Campaign Against Qandahār"), a major work of Saib Tabrizi which is a classic of Persian literature. [40] In March 2010, U.S. and NATO commanders released details of plans for the biggest offensive of the war against the Taliban insurgency.[41]. A short distance from Chilzina, going west on the main highway, a bright blue dome appears on the right. [citation needed], The airport came into the public eye during the tense drama that was played out when Pakistani terrorists belonging to Harkat-ul-Mujahideen, who hijacked and landed Indian Airlines Flight 814 on the airfield in December 1999, ordered the Government of India to ensure the release and safe-passage of three alleged Pakistani terrorists in return for letting the occupants of the passenger plane leave without harm. The entire area in and around the airport is heavily guarded but a section is designated for civilian passengers. [1] It is the capital of Kandahar Province and also the center of the larger cultural region called Loy Kandahar. [35], The 2009 surge in NATO operations in southern Afghanistan pushed the number of aircraft operations at the base from 1,700 to 5,000 flights a week. KANDAHAR, Afghanistan (AP) — An Afghan official says a bomb blast has killed five people, including a police commander, in the southern Kandahar province, an attack claimed by the Taliban. Bagram Air Base in Parvan Province, Afghanistan, Shindand Air Base Herat Province, Afghanistan, Kandahar International Airport in Kandahar, Afghanistan, Camp Dwyer Marine Base in Hemland River Valley, Afghanistan, Camp Leatherneck Marine in Helmand Province, Afghanistan, FOB Delaram Marine Corps Base in Delaram, Afghanistan. Persian is also understood by a fair number of the city dwellers, especially those serving in the government and the educated Afghans. Coalition Forces and civilians complete the constitution of the base. The city has 15 districts and a total land area of 27,337 hectares. Ariana Afghan Airlines (the national carrier of Afghanistan) also flew infrequent flights out of Kandahar to Pakistan and a few locations in Afghanistan such as Herat, Kabul, and Jalalabad. [citation needed] Nearly all of the elite class of the city fled to neighboring Pakistan during the early 1980s, and from there they began immigrating to North America, the European Union, Australia and other parts of the world. The 159th Combat Aviation Brigade became the main U.S. Army Aviation unit at the airport while the 451st Air Expeditionary Wing became the main USAF unit. [1] It was occupied by the Soviets during the 1980s Soviet–Afghan War. [68] The Pashtuns make up the overwhelming majority population of the city and province but exact figures are not available. Inscriptions made by Emperor Ashoka, a fragment of Edict 13 in Greek, as well as a full Edict, written in both Greek and Aramaic has been discovered in Kandahar. While the Americans were busy building the Kandahar Airport, the Soviets were busy in the north, building the Kabul Airport. In December 1999, a hijacked Indian Airlines Flight 814 plane by Pakistani militants loyal to Harkat-ul-Mujahideen landed at Kandahar International Airport and kept the passengers hostage as part of a demand to release 3 Pakistani militants from prison in India. With the closure of Camp Julien in Kabul in November 2005, most of the Canadian Forces personnel in Afghanistan were transferred to Kandahar province. The first spartan ablutions were established in the middle of a large rose garden out front, but shower facilities were not established for several weeks. It is one of the largest airports of Afghanistan. Winter begins in December and sees most of its precipitation in the form of rain. He is acknowledged among Afghanistan's leading artists. [30][31] 300 civilians were killed during Soviet bombings in July 1984. The Afghan National Police provides security inside and outside the civilian terminal of the airport. A number of training centers have also opened in the last decade. The tomb of Ahmad Shah Durrani is located in the city centre, which also houses Durrani's brass helmet and other personal items. [34] Prior to their arrival, Sustainment Brigades managed the logistical operations however with the impending surge in U.S. Kandahar is also connected by road to Quetta in neighboring Pakistan. [5] Alexander the Great had laid-out the foundation of what is now Old Kandahar in the 4th century BC and gave it the Ancient Greek name Αλεξάνδρεια Aραχωσίας (Alexandria of Arachosia). Due to the multiple damage encountered in the […], Helmand River Valley, US Military Bases in Afghanistan, Camp Dwyer is a United States Marine Corps installation and airfield located in the Gamir district of the Helmand River Valley in Afghanistan. Forty steps, about, lead to the chamber, which is guarded by two chained lions, defaced, and inscribed with an account of Moghul conquest. 904 Expeditionary Air Wing,[22] the squadron's home was RAF Lyneham, Wiltshire until the end of 2011 when the squadron's home station was changed to RAF Brize Norton, Oxfordshire.[23]. However, with the advent of jet aircraft, such stops were no longer necessary, and the airport saw little use. The Afghan government has been slow in rebuilding the facility, the vast majority of it has been reclaimed from years of neglect and damage by Soviet and Taliban soldiers. [citation needed]. In 1554, Babur's son, Humayun, handed it over to the Safavid Shah Tahmasp in return of 70,000 soldiers he received from the Shah to reconquer India. [49] Within the built-up area, vacant plots occupy a slightly higher percentage of land (36%) than residential land (34%). [11], British excavations in the 1970s discovered that Kandahar existed as a large fortified city during the early 1st millennium BCE; while this earliest period at Kandahar has not been precisely dated via radiocarbon, ceramic comparisons with the latest period at the major Bronze Age city of Mundigak have suggested an approximate time-frame of 1000 to 750 BCE. [24][25], In 1722, Mahmud led an army of Afghans to the Safavid capital Isfahan and proclaimed himself King of Persia. They end in early-March and are followed by a pleasant spring till late-April with temperatures generally in the upper 10s °C to lower 30s °C (65–88 °F) range. Additionally, Kandahar Airfield (KAF) is a NATO base supporting both Operation ENDURING FREEDOM (OEF) and the International Security Assistance Forces' (ISAF) mission.


Commando Remember When I Said, Laravel Real Time Notification Socket Io, Kerry Brown Rebecca Judd, The Fear Bubble Amazon, Nokia Snake Java Game, 2002 Afl Draft,