timber rattlesnake diet
The geographic range of the Timber Rattlesnake (Crotalus horridus) encompasses most of the eastern half of the United States. These rattlesnakes are, sit and wait, predators, waiting for prey to pass nearby before striking. They eat a variety of small prey like mice, rats, and other small rodents, as well as smaller species of birds. 154 0 obj <> endobj The diet of Timber rattlesnakes varies geographically depending upon the kind mammalian prey available. states, it's often called the Canebrake Rattlesnake. Michigan is the only state in the Midwest that doesn’t consist the Timber rattlesnake. Female timber rattlers often bask in the sun before giving birth, in open rocky areas known as "basking knolls". When there is a scarcity of rocky dens, Timbers may often utilize eroded stream banks for example in the Pine Barrens of New Jersey. The rust-colored vertebral stripe is a distinguishable feature of the Timber Rattlesnake, The heavy, large sized timber rattlesnake is mostly found in the eastern parts of the United States, Crawling on limestone bluff in the forest of Missouri, The body of the rattlesnake consists of 25 dorsal scales, Timber rattlesnake, Elk State Forest, Pennsylvania, This heavy, large rattlesnake feeds mainly on small mammals, Timber ready to strike, Northeastern United States, The period of hibernation lasts for about 7-8 months, Males often follow scent trails of the female, Bask in the sun on a log in Ouchita National Forest of Oklahoma, Since the timber rattlesnake is a 'sit-and-wait' predator, habitat destruction is a serious problem, Canebrake, Northern rattlesnake, Banded rattlesnake, Velvet-tailed rattlesnake, Mountain, Temperate Deciduous Forest, Woodland/ Shrubland, Garter snakes, Bobwhites, Deer mice, Mexican vole, Eastern chipmunk, Cottontail rabbit, West Mexican cotton rat, Mexican grey squirrel, the Heavy Weight among venomous pit vipers, "Timber rattlesnake inhabits mountainous terrains where rocky hills or stony crevices make excellent hibernating dens", "The venom of the timber rattlesnake is neurotoxic and contains a fibrinogen clotting enzyme that paralyzes the prey", Disclaimer, Terms of Use & Privacy Policy. Canebrake or Timber Rattlesnake Appearance And Diet. Timber rattlesnakes eat mainly small mammals, but their diet may also include small birds, frogs, mice, other small animals or even other snakes. They eat rats, mice, chipmunks, rabbits, squirrels, voles, and birds. The species became an important symbol during the American Revolution, and in 2008 the state of West Virginia adopted the Timber Rattlesnake as its official state reptile. The Timber Rattlesnake is known as the Crotalus Horridus which is its Latin name, and is one of the most numerous species of venomous snakes in the United States. Although it isn’t considered to be a particularly great threat to people, it does have potent venom and has long fangs to deliver it, but the numbers of attacks on people are relatively few and far between. When threatened, the Timber rattlesnake condenses its body, coiling rapidly at an angle that defines a clear strike. Due to communal hibernation, Timber rattlesnakes are often confused with copperheads or the Eastern hog-nosed snake. %%EOF Information About the Snakes of North America - Timber Rattlesnake. In the southern The area used by male Timber rattlesnakes is larger during breeding season than females (200 hectares). Rattlesnakes are stealthy hunters. They also prey on small birds, frogs, other small animals, including other snakes. They also like to have reptiles, birds and amphibians as well. A distinguishing feature of a true rattlesnake is the upright position of the rattle that always points perpendicular to the ground. ĝ$�^ ^ ��$�}b`bd��c`D'�3��0 �)� Although the overall diet composition of C. horridus has been well documented and has been reported to be very broad, local population variation has not been studied. 168 0 obj <>stream It does exist in Florida, but only in the very northern portions. hޜ�kO�0���?n���Kl7Bj��i�Vm�Bk�hi%���'e�\�,��rn>�0�q&L�tDB3Y��Y)HZ+���1��2�i�ݤy�0=e�3��������O}�ʊ�z�Ȫ��\�U�iu�Œv��p��S�?���Hp�|��8�~"�5f���U�9npS�k,�D�_ȱB�e�P�ruV�Q�AS�3����k��>��u���(F������,�`P�]�;3��d�'���$˝bB�T����,]9ƣdr��?�=�ё���٬_,r�8�ޭ��lklB�:�|Y�Ǧ���H��qA��a1+�Y�����M�o�du�C Y=�޶2$:J7*BJL��>d��I��_6�2d�}9�V�L�ʰT*C5k# �V�����y���Ə6tF��l�1R�� �0���Zr��nck�ij�V�l�C(���HYIR쑑 ����I~����F3��. This does not mean they do not feed on other mammal. Timber rattlesnakes are carnivores and their diet includes mainly small mammals. endstream endobj startxref They lie in wait for their prey, then strike with their venomous fangs to immobilize it. Male and female timbers use the same den each year for consummating their union. endstream endobj 155 0 obj <> endobj 156 0 obj <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/Type/Page>> endobj 157 0 obj <>stream %PDF-1.6 %���� 0 After striking its prey, this snake waits for its venom to incapacitate and kill the prey before eating it. h�bbd``b`��@�� The Timber rattlesnake likes to have mammals like rabbits, chipmunks, moles, mice and weasels in their diet. 162 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[]/Index[154 15]/Info 153 0 R/Length 59/Prev 986013/Root 155 0 R/Size 169/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream Female Timber rattlesnakes reproduce on a triennial cycle. Rodents make up the bulk of their diet. Once the prey is dead, the rattlesnake will swallow it head first. The Timber rattlesnake feeds on terrestrial vertebrates, the main food source being small rodents like mice, shrew, squirrels, voles etc. These snakes are carnivores, which means that they only eat other animals. They also eat birds, lizards and amphibians. They are ambush predators and capture prey by waiting patiently in the brush, and then quickly striking, biting … Behavior And Habitat. Diet of the Timber Rattlesnake. Birds can also fall prey to this incredible species that particularly feeds on Peromyscus. In the wild, timber rattlesnakes primarily eat small- to medium-sized rodents, such as mice, shrews, chipmunks and squirrels. These mammals comprise the main portion of their regular foods. The Timber rattlesnake has been listed as the state animal in West Virginia. h�b```"f�]" ���� �SYθ00��ޠ����`�B��.F�=[h�a��5�a��{��\�j�y�ߤ�f�ι���nr���O7�ͳRl}l[9�����)����L�u�[��kR�6N�-��vUJ�2��� j`� � ���D�x�$�j8���p �3���ـX,r���a����rgs����d�t@� �^���헡X�=[� ����ߡ���8@� ?dd


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