xerxes and esther
Before his death in 2012 he said, “One today rereads with a renewed interest the book of Esther, whose detailed description of the interior disposition of the palace of Xerxes is now in excellent accord with archaeological reality.”6, Persepolis was another of the Persian capital cities. I quote from Mr. Lanser’s original article The Seraiah Assumption (notice the emphasis Mr. Lanser provides in his original article): Returning to Mr. Lanser’s – Wrapping up Loose Ends: The further observation that the intended king [Esther’s Ahasuerus] was fabulously wealthy, because he inherited an expansive empire from his father Darius the Great—who is never called either Ahasuerus or Artaxerxes anywhere in any historical records—is used to narrow the options down to only one. Q. The citadel of Susa, as it appeared in 1935. July-September is our family’s busiest time of year. In that inscription, which I’ve color coded, you’ll find the cuneiform and phonetic spelling of the words king, Xerxes, Artaxerxes, and Kingdom as well as their English translation. Jahrhundert v. Chr. 1:1-3). I was just about the same date, 519, that Darius sent a letter to his satrap in Egypt, which we know (in fragmentary form) from a text on the back of the Demotic Chronicle. Then he goes on to clarify that this “Ahasuerus” was the “Ahasuerus” who ruled over 127 provinces from India to Ethiopia. I hope you’ve all had a wonderful and productive summer. Read your article online and download the PDF from your email or your account. What I built, and what my father built, all that by the grace of Ahuramazda we built.”3. But he never enjoyed the victory. 9 Jona Lendering, “Susa, Apadana,” Livius.org. Stick with me here, because this is pretty neat stuff. But what about Mr. Lanser’s claim that the Biblical rendering of Xerxes name as Ahasuerus or more accurately as he claims without vowel pointings as “Chshwrwsh” must not be considered a title or a throne name but rather it “was a personal name that was modified by passing through different languages.”? Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. Reading Herodotus without perspective, on actually receives the impression that Darius was bound by the agreements that had been mutually reached by the Six when he came to power (Otanes having taken himself out of the competition), concession that basically would have made the new king primus inter pares. In most of our Hebrew Bible lexicons they give the meaning of the word as a satrap or governor of a Persian province. I had lordship over them. Claiming that the author of Esther, when distinguishing the Persian king Ahasuerus who ruled over 127 providence from his peers – was reference to Xerxes the son of Darius I – would be the equivalent of an historian today trying to distinguish the Presidency of John F Kennedy from his peers by claiming he was the President of all the 50 Untied States of America. He is correct that the name “Ahasuerus” was also applied to another king; Daniel 9:1 informs us that an earlier “Ahasuerus,” usually identified with Astyages, was the father of Darius the Mede. I’ve had the privilege of (very) briefly discussing the 2nd temple era chronology of Ezra as it relates to the prophecy of Daniel 9 with both of these fine scholars, yet neither of them were able to provide a contextual Biblical basis for their belief that Ezra was a contemporary of Artaxerxes I (Longimanus). Part VIII – Darius I: A Gentile King at the Crux of Jewish Messianic History Part I – Cyrus to Darius: The 2nd Temple Context of Ezra 4


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